Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austrian Empire. 1 2 3
Sigmund Freud woke up at 7 am, ate breakfast and then each morning he had his barber visit his residence to trim and groom his beard. His wife, Martha Freud, prepared his attire for the day and would even place toothpaste on his toothbrush for him. Freud started to see patients at 8 am and finished around noon.
His main meal of the day was served at 1 pm, Freud was not fond of gourmet meals therefore did not eat wine or chicken. Instead, he preferred boiled or roast beef. The father of psychoanalysis did not engage in much small talk around the table, a habit which is said to have made his guests quite uncomfortable at times. Following the meal, Freud took a vigorous walk around Vienna’s Ringstrasse and would regularly stop to buy cigars and deliver or collect papers to his publisher.
Work recommenced with consultations at 3 pm and afterwards, Freud saw more patients usually lasting until 9 pm. In the evenings, Freud ate supper with his family, followed by card games with his sister in law. He was later accompanied on an evening walk by his wife or daughters and occasionally dropped by the café to read the newspaper.
During the late evenings and night, Freud headed to his study and was engrossed in reading, writing or revision of psychoanalytical journal submissions. He would stay working until 1 am or sometimes even later.
Considered to be the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees, Dame Jane Morris Goodall DBE, formerly Baroness Jane van Lawick-Goodall, is best known for her 60-year study of social and family interactions of wild chimpanzees since she first went to Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania in 1960. 1 2 3
In the period of her life when she studied chimpanzees, Jane Goodall woke up before sunrise at 5:30 am and set out into the rainforest to locate the chimps she was studying. She’d usually climb to the location where the chimps slept at night. Jane then spent the day following, observing and studying the chimps.
Nowadays, Goodall spends most of the year on the road therefore all her days are different but normally she still wakes up early and aims to start work by 6:30 am. The British primatologist typically begins the day by checking her emails, dealing with her correspondence and completing any writing that’s due. Breakfast is light, just some toast and a coffee.
Jane doesn’t have very much time for leisure, she was quoted in a recent interview “I’ve got no time for hobbies. What is a weekend? It doesn’t exist. What is a holiday? It doesn’t exist.” However, when at home she spends the evenings with her sister and her family. And when possible, she’d take the dog for a walk.
To help her to sleep at night, Jane listens to audio books.
Mark Twain followed a simple morning routine. He would wake up and eat a large, hearty breakfast before heading to his study to work until 5 pm. Occasionally, Twain skipped breakfast and would later emerge from his work as dinner was ready to be served. Twain’s family didn’t approach the study but instead blew a horn to get his attention. Later, after dinner, Twain would assemble his family and read to them his day’s writings. He suffered from poor sleep and would resort to alcohol to ease him to bed.